Tuesday, May 25, 2010

robinson crusoe themes

Courage and Determination
Robinson Crusoe’s parents want him to become a lawyer but Crusoe is determined to become a sailor. He leaves home without his parents’blessing and works hard to become a good sailor.He shows great courage when he escapes from his Turkish master.
He ensures he has guns and food before he escapes.When he is shipwrecked on a deserted island, Crusoe overcomes great obstacles to survive. He struggles alone in order to carry food, equipment and other materials from the ship so that he can make a life for himself until he is rescued. He builds two homes, a raft and a canoe. He is also able to make tools and plant enough food for himself and his companions. He shows great courage when he saves Friday, Friday’s father, the Spaniard and the second English sea captain. He does all thisat the risk of being captured and eaten by the cannibals!

Importance of Hard Work
It is important to work hard as this makes you disciplined and successful in life. Robinson Crusoe is a good example of a man who is fearless, positive and hard-working. Instead of complaining about his fate, he looks at the situation and does what is needed to make the situation better. For example, he salvages useful items from the sinking ship, makes a canoe and safe shelters for himself, and hunt for food. He creates a comfortable life for himself and is able to survive on the island for twenty-eight years.

Relationship with Nature
Humans are part of Nature and, therefore, should live and work harmony with Nature. Crusoe is a man at peace with Nature. He loves the sea and the outdoors. So when he is marooned on the island and finds himself alone with only Nature as his companion, he adapts easily. He is quick to use things from Nature to help him survive. He uses the trees and plants to build himself a canoe and homes, ant to provide him with food.

Thursday, May 20, 2010

Animal Story

Lion Tamer
Unemployed guys are talking. One says, "I'm going to become a lion tamer."The other replies, "That's crazy, you don't know nothing about no lion taming."
"Yes I do!"
"Well, OK, answer me this. When one of those lions comes at you all roaring and biting, what you gonna do?"
"Well, then I take that big chair they all carry, and I stick it in his face until he backs down."
"Well, what if the lion takes that big paw, and hooks the chair with them big claws, and throws that chair out of the cage? What do you do then?"
"Well, then I takes that whip they all carry, and I whip him and whip him until he backs down."
"Well, what if that lion bites that whip with his big teeth, and bites it in two? What you gonna do then?"
"Well, then I take that gun they all carry, and I shoot him."
"Well, what if that gun doesn't work? What will you do then?"
"Well, then I pick up some of the shit that's on the bottom of the cage, and I throw it in his eyes, and I run out of
the cage."
"Well, what if there ain't no shit in the bottom of the cage? What you gonna do then?"
"Well, that's dumb. Cause if that lion comes at me, and he throws the chair out of the cage, and he bites the whip in two, and my gun don't work, there's going to be some shit on the bottom of that cage, you can bet on that."

Tuesday, May 11, 2010


An idiom is an expression whose meaning is not compositional — that is, whose meaning does not follow from the meaning of the individual words of which it is composed. For example, the English phrase "to kick the bucket" means "to die". A listener knowing the meaning of kick and bucket will not necessarily be able to predict that the expression can mean to die. Idioms are often, though perhaps not universally, classified as figures of speech.

The part of speech that modifies a noun or other substantive by limiting, qualifying, or specifying and distinguished in English morphologically by one of several suffixes, such as -able, -ous, -er, and -est, or syntactically by position directly preceding a noun or nominal phrase.n adjective is a word which qualifies a noun, that is, shows or points out some distinguishing mark or feature of the
An expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up..oun.

Expressive of command; containing positive command; authoritatively or absolutely directive; commanding; authoritative; as, imperative orders.
Analogy is a cognitive process of transferring information from a particular subject (the analogue or source) to another particular subject.
An antonym is a word with the opposite meaning of another word.
For example, happy is an antonym of sad.
A word having the same or nearly the same meaning in one or more senses as another in the same language.

Thursday, May 6, 2010


2- 1H 5W
3- Fishbone
4- Write
Topic sentence
5- Draft
6- Read-Reread
7- Rewrite 2

Monday, May 3, 2010

Thursday, April 22, 2010

Oral Test

Good morning, class. the topic of my speech today is 'The Benefits of Watching Television'.

Nowadays, in almost every home thre is atelevision set. It is the cheapest means of entertaiment. A television show can be watched by the whole family without spending any money not like at cinema. In addition, we need not trouble ourselves to buy tickets. it is more relaxing at home.

The television set has reduced the size of our globe. News from all over the world can be telecasted within minutes. it also good for children because children nowadays learn by sight rather than reading. The television set speed up their learning process.

Without doubt, it is better for children to view television programmes at home than to get themselves involved with bad company and drugs.

Monday, March 22, 2010

Najib gives fishermen RM7mil jetty present

LANGKAWI: Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak’s private vacation in Pulau Langkawi has brought benefits to the fishermen at Kampung Sungai Chenang, here, when they were “presented” with an immediateRM7mil allocation to build a new jetty

Xavi, Keita out as Barcelona's injuries mount

BARCELONA, Spain: Barcelona's injury worries mounted Monday when midfielders Xavi Hernandez and Seydou Keita were ruled out for several weeks.France, Italy, Turkey make official Euro 2016 bids

NYON, Switzerland: France, Italy and Turkey have formally submitted bid dossiers to host the 2016 European Championship.Klose fit to face

FiorentinaMUNICH: Bayern Munich striker Miroslav Klose hasrecovered from an ankle injury and is availablefor Wednesday's Champions League match againstFiorentina.

Posted by @MmVr bLaCk at 4:10 PM 0 comments

Monday, March 1, 2010

Robinson Crusoe is an Englishman from the town of York in the seventeenth century, the youngest son of a merchant of German origin. Encouraged by his father to study law, Crusoe expresses his wish to go to sea instead. His family is against Crusoe going out to sea, and his father explains that it is better to seek a modest, secure life for oneself. Initially, Robinson is committed to obeying his father, but he eventually succumbs to temptation and embarks on a ship bound for London with a friend. When a storm causes the near deaths of Crusoe and his friend, the friend is dissuaded from sea travel, but Crusoe still goes on to set himself up as merchant on a ship leaving London. This trip is financially successful, and Crusoe plans another, leaving his early profits in the care of a friendly widow. The second voyage does not prove as fortunate: the ship is seized by Moorish pirates, and Crusoe is enslaved to a potentate in the North African town of Sallee. While on a fishing expedition, he and a slave boy break free and sail down the African coast. A kindly Portuguese captain picks them up, buys the slave boy from Crusoe, and takes Crusoe to Brazil. In Brazil, Crusoe establishes himself as a plantation owner and soon becomes successful. Eager for slave labor and its economic advantages, he embarks on a slave-gathering expedition to West Africa but ends up shipwrecked off of the coast of Trinidad.
Crusoe soon learns he is the sole survivor of the expedition and seeks shelter and food for himself. He returns to the wreck’s remains twelve times to salvage guns, powder, food, and other items. Onshore, he finds goats he can graze for meat and builds himself a shelter. He erects a cross that he inscribes with the date of his arrival, September 1, 1659, and makes a notch every day in order never to lose track of time. He also keeps a journal of his household activities, noting his attempts to make candles, his lucky discovery of sprouting grain, and his construction of a cellar, among other events. In June 1660, he falls ill and hallucinates that an angel visits, warning him to repent. Drinking tobacco-steeped rum, Crusoe experiences a religious illumination and realizes that God has delivered him from his earlier sins. After recovering, Crusoe makes a survey of the area and discovers he is on an island. He finds a pleasant valley abounding in grapes, where he builds a shady retreat. Crusoe begins to feel more optimistic about being on the island, describing himself as its “king.” He trains a pet parrot, takes a goat as a pet, and develops skills in basket weaving, bread making, and pottery. He cuts down an enormous cedar tree and builds a huge canoe from its trunk, but he discovers that he cannot move it to the sea. After building a smaller boat, he rows around the island but nearly perishes when swept away by a powerful current. Reaching shore, he hears his parrot calling his name and is thankful for being saved once again. He spends several years in peace.One day Crusoe is shocked to discover a man’s footprint on the beach. He first assumes the footprint is the devil’s, then decides it must belong to one of the cannibals said to live in the region. Terrified, he arms himself and remains on the lookout for cannibals. He also builds an underground cellar in which to herd his goats at night and devises a way to cook underground. One evening he hears gunshots, and the next day he is able to see a ship wrecked on his coast. It is empty when he arrives on the scene to investigate. Crusoe once again thanks Providence for having been saved. Soon afterward, Crusoe discovers that the shore has been strewn with human carnage, apparently the remains of a cannibal feast. He is alarmed and continues to be vigilant. Later Crusoe catches sight of thirty cannibals heading for shore with their victims. One of the victims is killed. Another one, waiting to be slaughtered, suddenly breaks free and runs toward Crusoe’s dwelling. Crusoe protects him, killing one of the pursuers and injuring the other, whom the victim finally kills. Well-armed, Crusoe defeats most of the cannibals onshore. The victim vows total submission to Crusoe in gratitude for his liberation. Crusoe names him Friday, to commemorate the day on which his life was saved, and takes him as his servant.Finding Friday cheerful and intelligent, Crusoe teaches him some English words and some elementary Christian concepts. Friday, in turn, explains that the cannibals are divided into distinct nations and that they only eat their enemies. Friday also informs Crusoe that the cannibals saved the men from the shipwreck Crusoe witnessed earlier, and that those men, Spaniards, are living nearby. Friday expresses a longing to return to his people, and Crusoe is upset at the prospect of losing Friday. Crusoe then entertains the idea of making contact with the Spaniards, and Friday admits that he would rather die than lose Crusoe. The two build a boat to visit the cannibals’ land together. Before they have a chance to leave, they are surprised by the arrival of twenty-one cannibals in canoes. The cannibals are holding three victims, one of whom is in European dress. Friday and Crusoe kill most of the cannibals and release the European, a Spaniard. Friday is overjoyed to discover that another of the rescued victims is his father. The four men return to Crusoe’s dwelling for food and rest. Crusoe prepares to welcome them into his community permanently. He sends Friday’s father and the Spaniard out in a canoe to explore the nearby land.Eight days later, the sight of an approaching English ship alarms Friday. Crusoe is suspicious. Friday and Crusoe watch as eleven men take three captives onshore in a boat. Nine of the men explore the land, leaving two to guard the captives. Friday and Crusoe overpower these men and release the captives, one of whom is the captain of the ship, which has been taken in a mutiny. Shouting to the remaining mutineers from different points, Friday and Crusoe confuse and tire the men by making them run from place to place. Eventually they confront the mutineers, telling them that all may escape with their lives except the ringleader. The men surrender. Crusoe and the captain pretend that the island is an imperial territory and that the governor has spared their lives in order to send them all to England to face justice. Keeping five men as hostages, Crusoe sends the other men out to seize the ship. When the ship is brought in, Crusoe nearly faints.On December 19, 1686, Crusoe boards the ship to return to England. There, he finds his family is deceased except for two sisters. His widow friend has kept Crusoe’s money safe, and after traveling to Lisbon, Crusoe learns from the Portuguese captain that his plantations in Brazil have been highly profitable. He arranges to sell his Brazilian lands. Wary of sea travel, Crusoe attempts to return to England by land but is threatened by bad weather and wild animals in northern Spain. Finally arriving back in England, Crusoe receives word that the sale of his plantations has been completed and that he has made a considerable fortune. After donating a portion to the widow and his sisters, Crusoe is restless and considers returning to Brazil, but he is dissuaded by the thought that he would have to become Catholic. He marries, and his wife dies. Crusoe finally departs for the East Indies as a trader in 1694. He revisits his island, finding that the Spaniards are governing it well and that it has become a prosperous colony.

Plot Diagram
The Short Story This PLOT DIAGRAM shows how the main events in a short story are organized into a plot. In this activity you will find the main events in the fairy tale "Jack and the Beanstalk." Drag each event to the appropriate point on the plot diagram.

Thursday, February 11, 2010


1.Daily Log
have done @ plan to do

2. Reflection
~personal thoughts

3. Interesting reading list
~ Article/ newspaper

Give personal comment

Tuesday, February 9, 2010

Character and Characteristics

Robinson Crusoe:
is the titular protagonist, the narrator, and the main character-indeed, for the bulk of the book, the only character-of Defoe's novel. Crusoe styles himself as a rebellious and disobedient youth who, against the advice of several caring adults, including his father, pursued the seafaring, adventurous life over the comfort of the middle class. Although his voyages early in life led to his prosperity as a Brazilian planter (and, as customary in the eighteenth century, slave-owner), his pride, as he sees it, ultimately leads to his more than two-decade long exile on an island. During these years of isolation, Crusoe proves himself to be industrial, ingenious and resourceful as he forges his new life, often by sheer force of will. He also, however, reveals that he has not completely abandoned the pride of his former life when he repeatedly thinks of himself as "King" and "Sovereign" over his island-and over those who eventually join him in it: "his man Friday," the savage, and the Spaniard sailor and his crew. Readers are left wondering whether Crusoe's experience has, in the end, fundamentally changed him-after all, after some years back in civilized lands, Crusoe again sets forth to sea, concluding his first narrative by suggesting that he will write a second, full of "very surprising Incidents." Crusoe has become a powerful and iconic character in the English literary tradition; in fact, his very name has been given to a genre dubbed the "robinsonade": "romances of solitary survival in such inimical terrains as desert islands. [T]he fundamental thrust of the robinsonade-its convincing celebration of the power of pragmatic Reason, and its depiction of the triumph, over great odds, of the entrepreneur who commands that rational Faculty-continues to drive most of its offspring," even as it animates the character of Crusoe in the genre's taproot text (John Clute and Peter Nicholls, The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1995], p. 1017).
is the "savage" inhabitant of the mainland opposite Crusoe's island who arrives there as a prisoner of his fellow "savages," brought to be slaughtered in a cannibalistic ritual. Crusoe delivers Friday from this fate, and Friday professes undying gratitude and loyalty. Crusoe comes to regard the man and to depend upon him as "my man Friday." Like Crusoe, Friday has become an iconic character, whose very name is a byword for a "right hand man" (or woman, as in the title of the 1940 film His Girl Friday). He typifies the Western intellectual tradition's conceit of the "noble savage"-who, despite his "uncivilized" and "barbarous" ways, is a good, lofty spirit (seen, for example, in Friday's affection for his father), lacking only direction from a more "civilized" and advanced instructor. One of the startling effects to modern readers, however, of Crusoe's "civilization" of Friday is the fact that Friday begins to demonstrate some of the same less-than-desirable attitudes and actions of Crusoe. This process reaches its fullest development in Friday's taunting treatment of the bear in the novel's final pages, laughing at the animal and even making it dance before he dispatches it with a gunshot. Friday's character and the way in which Crusoe shapes it thus raise questions about the true nature of "savagery" and "civilization" for the readers of Robinson Crusoe.Although other, supporting characters also populate this novel's pages-Crusoe's father, the ship captain under whom Crusoe first sails, the Spaniard ship captain and his mutinous crew, Crusoe's widowed sisters, Friday's father-they remain two-dimensional at best. The only other compelling and ambiguous character in the novel is, in fact, Providence-that is to say, God. The novel is, as its preface announces, an extended meditation upon the workings of Providence, which Crusoe at times (and in the final analysis) regards as benevolent; but which at other times-for example, in moments of despair such as the loss of his canoe-he regards as anything but. Enough dissonance reverberates through the text that readers are left to conclude for themselves whether God as a character in Robinson Crusoe is beneficent or not.
Minor character :
First English Captain : honest, kind ,generous , a good teacher.
Turkish Captain : shrewd , kind
Spaniard : adaptable , grateful , kind , far-sighted
Second English Captain : honest , generous, a survivor, intelligent ,grateful , a man of honour, courageous

Monday, February 1, 2010

Robinson crusoe
Robinson Crusoe is about a young Englishman who goes to sea without his parents’ blessing. He has many adventures on both land and sea, and learns many new things like trading, navigation, mathematics and farming. A storm at sea leaves him shipwrecked and alone on a deserted island. For the next 28 years, he learns survival skills, and by sheer ingenuity and common sense, creates a fairly comfortable and secure life for himself. In the process he learns carpentry, pottery, hunting, boat- building, butter and cheese production and how to make his own clothes from animal hide. One day, he saves Friday, the victim of a cannibal assault and thereafter wins him as a friend for life. They rescue a Spaniard and Friday’s father from cannibals and save and English captain from mutineers. After 28 long desolate years, Robinson Crusoe returns to England. He marries, has three children and after his wife’s death, goes sea-faring again, visiting the island now inhabited by the Spanish and English. He also sails to Brazil.